Senožeče

The landscape takes its name from the largest settlement here, Senožeče. Since throughout history, major routes have led through here from the coast to the interior, the town, mentioned back in the 12th century, quickly developed, especially through the wagon hauling trade.

The town gained market rights very early on, and the major route – named the Imperial Way – was protected by the old castle Stari grad above the settlement. The original Senožeče Castle stood on the hill above the town, but only its ruins remain.  In the 17th century the noble family of Porzia built the new manor of Snosetsch at the foot of the castle hill, and this also housed the local courthouse, but today it too, is in ruins. The importance of transport through Senožeče can be seen in the preserved tollhouse dating from the 13th century, where the first lords of Duino/Devin, then later other owners, gathered tolls for goods being carried, while numerous wagoning inns sprouted up, trades flourished, and fairs were organised. With the extension of the southern railway, which was taken further south, transport and life in the town stagnated. After the capture of Senožeče in 1509, the tollhouse was very devastated by the Venetians, since it was a powerful catalyst turnover against the Austrian Trieste instead to Venice and Istrian towns. Since 1527, when Senožeče were connected to Kranjska, it was ceasars tollhouse. In the 15th century a toll was included in the system borough walls along with the court under the castle. On the way to the Gulf of Trieste many Furman restaurant have grown. Another fine reminder of past times is the restored stone trough or fontana, with drinking water, at the bottom of the market in Senožeče. Formerly used to water livestock and washing, the fountain represented a meeting place, gathering and transmission of news. Fontana was the completion of the first water supply in this area, built back in 1865. The Senožeče’s glory was revived in the second half of the 19th century only by the Adria brewery, one of the most famous in Austria-Hungary, but this collapsed after the First World War.

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