Divača

The original centre of Divača developed along the old road, and from afar the visitor’s gaze is drawn to the Baroque church of St. Anthony and its ornate pilastered entrance. Not far from here is the Škrateljnova domačija, which dates back to the 17th century and is the oldest preserved Karst homestead. It is an extraordinary monument to farm construction.

At one time it housed an inn with lodging and large farm buildings, where wagoners and their weary draught animals would stop to rest. Škrateljnovo homestead consistes of a lounge area, two outbuildings, yard with a stone pot-bellied wells, sinkholes and dry stone walls that surrounded the entire homestead. Divača is today the biggest settlement and seat of the municipality. In the 16th century it was just a hamlet of sheep farmers, but with the development of transport running from the port of Trieste to the interior, it gained importance, expanded and developed. The local wagoners who carted goods along the roads in both directions, stopped at the growing number of inns. In the middle of the 19th century, development was stepped up with the construction of the southern railway, which linked Vienna, capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, to the harbour at Trieste, via Ljubljana. Later another line was constructed into the Istrian peninsula, and this branches off right at Divača. The importance of the railway is still evident today in the steam locomotive engine that now stands as a museum piece open to visitors at the railway station. Not far from Divača, in the middle of the Ležeški Gabrk under Vremščica, lies one of Slovenia’s oldest airfields, which is still operational. It was laid out during the First World War for the needs of the Austro-Hungarian Air Force, which tested new aircraft here for the conflict on the Soča (Isonzo) Front. 

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